Within the homo family of mammals, the human species arises in Africa. They have larger and more complex brains, which allows for increased problem-solving abilities and tool use.
Humans are strong hunters. Although slower, they are the best long-distance runners in the animal kingdom. Humans can also throw faster and more accurately.
Humans remain nude in the warm African climate. There is little need for covering or protection and it is a social norm. It also helps the body to sweat and avoid heat exhaustion while travelling.
Early humans have dark skin, which provides protection from ultraviolet radiation in the sunny climate. It gives them an advantage in traveling and hunting in Africa.
Humans are given the scientific classification of Homo Sapien, which is a Latin term meaning Wise Man. The oldest Homo Sapien fossil that has been uncovered is from Northwest Africa and dated to around 286,000 BP.
The first humans form the simplest type of community, which consists of an extended family of about 30-50 people. Human camps remain small and mobile.
As a camp grows in population, they are forced to split in order to remain manageable. Additional human camps with a population of 30-50 emerge and spread out.
Life is harsh and many human lines go extinct, especially in colder regions. However, all males genetically descend from a single surviving fatherly line that begins around this time.
Humans spread throughout many regions of Africa. However, the human population gradually becomes centralized in the warmer and more survivable climate of East Africa.
Human prehistory, which takes place before the invention of writing, is deduced from studies in archaeology, genetics, and anthropology. As such, there is some debate as to the exact timeline of events.